Sea Island or American Pima cotton is a very strong,
high-grade, long staple cotton quality developed from selected Egyptian
cotton crops in the southwest of the United States. Because of the
fineness of Pima cotton, more fibers can be spun into a yarn of
a given count, which will enhance the feel, softness, drape and
brilliance of a fabric. It is named after Pima County in southern
Arizona, location of the experimental farm on which it was developed
in the early 1900s. It now accounts for only 3% of US annual cotton
production and is mainly cultivated in the San Joaquin Valley, California.
Appliqué or applique refers to a needlework
technique in which pieces of fabric, embroidery, or other materials
are sewn onto another piece of fabric to create designs, patterns
Larger than a standard bath towel, a bath sheet is
a luxurious size towel that you can wrap yourself into.
A bedskirt is used when the boxspring of the bed
is showing or when the top of the bed cover, like a bedspread or
comforter, does not extend all the way to the floor. Bedskirts fit
under the mattress and on top of the boxspring and decorate with
fabric to the floor. Typical beds need a 14" bedskirt, but
higher beds could require an 18" or even 22". Many Four
Poster beds take a 22" bedskirt. To measure for the right bedskirt
drop, measure from the top of the box spring to the floor. If it
measures 17", an 18" bedskirt can be pinned to fit exactly.
A fine grade cotton which has gone through an extra
manufacturing step called "combing". It reduces the number
of short, uneven fibers leaving only the longer, stronger staples
for weaving. It also remove all the impurities before the fiber
is spun into yarn.
A design of scroll motifs or ornamental leaves woven
into the texture of sateen fabrics. A damask weave alternates satin
and matte textures to create a glossy pattern.
A comforter cover. The best protection for a down
comforter, a duvet cover offers an easy way to change the look of
Egypt produces the best quality, longest fibre and
most valued raw cotton worldwide. It is grown and hand harvested
along the fertile banks of the Nile river delta where unique climatic
conditions give rise to the finest long staple and extra long staple
cotton fibers that are woven into world’s softest fabrics.
Art of creating and producing raised designs or motifs
on woven fabrics. Embroidery is made decorating fabric with needle
and thread or yarn.
A decorative pillow covering, constructed with a
flange or trim, which fits a large 26” x 26” pillow.
These are often placed behind standard size pillow shams as a backdrop
for all of the other pillows. Also referred to as a Continental
sham or a European Square.
Used in smaller or guest bathrooms. Usually trimmed
with fringe and/or embellished.
Natural fiber that comes from the stem or stalk of
the flax plant; when flax is woven, it produces linen.
Giza is a premium quality extra long staple Egyptian
cotton. Finest grade Giza spins into much smoother, finer and stronger
yarn than any other cotton in the world. Only weaving these fine
yarns is possible to achieve a true 700 thread count sateen. It
is grown and harvested in very limited quantities in the northern
part of Egypt.
A decorative stitch usually bordering a hem made
by drawing out several parallel threads punching even rows of small
holes and then stitching around the perforations.
A technique of weaving intricate patterns directly
into the texture of fine fabrics. This type of weave can only be
produced on specific “jacquard” looms.
It is a woven openwork border patterned with open
spaces that create a decorative design or motifs.
It is the fabric woven from the fibers of the flax
plant crops. Linen is more expensive than cotton since it is technically
more difficult to spin and weaves slowly while cultivation of the
flax crops is more labor intensive and require specific climatic
Mako is a high quality selection of long staple Egyptian
cotton. Its long and ripe fibres are woven into exceptionally soft
and smooth fabrics with outstanding technical performance. Learn
Mercerizing is a key step in the finishing process,
in which caustic soda is used to give fabrics resistance and additional
shine. The process also stabilises shrinkage, allowing the fabric
to remain soft and loose when washed. Named after John Mercer who
developed this technique in the mid 1800’s.
Fabric pilling is the annoying formation of small,
fuzzy round balls on the surface of sheeting fabric that make it
look old, worn and uncomfortable to sleep on. Fabric pilling occurs
either due to the natural tendency of fibers to migrate to the surface
of a woven fabric or as a result of friction on the fabric surface,
which loosens fibers and tangles them. This friction may be a result
of wear and tear, or of improper laundering techniques. Poor quality
cotton is more likely to experience fabric pilling than high thread
A fabric cover, constructed with one end open. An
American design used to cover a sleeping pillow. Also referred to
as a pillow slip or pillow sack.
A decorative fabric cover for a pillow, usually constructed
with a flange or trim. Pillow shams are a European design.
Percale cotton is light and crisp yet incredibly
soft. Percale is a plain weave with a matte finish and a supple
A thick ribbed cotton fabric with an embossed pattern
produced by a double warp thread.
A Quilt is a bed cover made of two layers of fabric
stitched together, with an interior padding held in place by decorative
A Coverlet is a decorative, top of the bed cover
that does not cover the pillows. Pillows are placed on top of the
Cotton sateen is lustrous and smooth, with a luminous
sheen. Sateen weave add luster and drape for a soft silky hand.
A series of curved projections forming an ornamental
It is the technical process of twisting together
raw cotton fibers to make fine yarns that are then to be woven into
fabrics warp and weft.
It is number of yarns per square inch in a woven
fabric. While thread count is often quoted as the main indicator
of fabrics quality, the quality of the yarn and of the raw cotton
fiber, as well as the finishing treatments applied, should be taken
into account to assess the real quality of any fabric. While it
is true that with higher thread count, the weave is tighter, making
the sheet more smooth and soft, thread count itself is just a rough
indicator and cannot be used as the only reference to determine
A sheer net fabric finely embroidered with some pattern.
It is named after the French town of Tulle where it was firstly
produced in the late 1700’s.
Warp and Weft
The lengthwise and crosswise threads which are interwoven
to create the fabric.
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